Contact: Ulla Forsström
Phone: +358-40-8202191
European Union

Co-funded by the European Union

Publications

Publications related to the Reffibre project will be available on this page.

Reffibre leaflet

Short leaflet decribing Reffibre

application/pdf REFFIBRE_leaflet_Final.pdf — 244 KB

Paper recycling monitoring report

The European Recovered Paper Council (ERPC) announced an impressive 71.7% paper recycling rate for Europe. In their annual monitoring report the ERPC revealed that current paper consumption in Europe has dropped by 13% to the level of 1998, but the recycled amount of paper is 1.5 times higher than in 1998 - a remarkable achievement. Since 2000 the ERPC has worked consistently on improving the quantity and quality of paper available for recycling. The ERPC monitoring report releases extra insights into the wider context of paper recycling revealing that Europe is the global champion in this field. Furthermore, the ERPC reports that in Europe paper fibre is recycled an astounding 3.5 times a year; world-wide the average is 2.4 times. The report illustrates additional good news. The number of European countries with a recycling rate below 60% has decreased, whereas there are an established 13 countries where paper recycling rates exceed 70%. To increase paper recycling especially in Central Europe, several ERPC members are partners in EU funded projects working to improve collection systems in that region. Commenting on the results of the report, ERPC Secretary Jori Ringman-Beck, said “The European paper value chain devotes huge efforts year after year to simplify paper recycling for citizens and consumers in offices and at home. The figures in the report prove that paper recycling is truly an industry “made in Europe”. And in line with EU policies it needs to be safeguarded to remain so.”

application/pdf CEPI 2012 Paper recycling monitoring report.pdf — 1406 KB

REFFIBRE Newsletter 1

1st newsletter

application/download REFFIBRE_Newsletter_1.pdf — 601 KB

REFFIBRE Newsletter 2

application/pdf REFFIBRE NEWSLETTER 2.pdf — 536 KB

REFFIBRE Newsletter 3

application/pdf REFFIBRE Newsletter 3.pdf — 600 KB

REFFIBRE Newsletter 4

application/pdf REFFIBRE newsletter 4.pdf — 665 KB

REFFIBRE Newsletter 5

application/pdf REFFIBRE newsletter 5.pdf — 414 KB

Novel biobased products from side streams of paper and board production

Obtaining maximum value per unit of paper for recycling is an important aspect of paper production. This importance will be even greater in the future, as competition for biomass increases due to new demand from sectors that were traditionally not based on biomass use, such as the energy and chemical sectors. Obtaining maximum (economic) value per unit of paper for recycling may become a determining factor for the profitability of paper production. The utilisation of side streams from the papermaking process in novel biobased products has the potential to be of great assistance in this direction.

application/pdf Novel biobased products from side streams of paper and board production.pdf — 1345 KB

Verification of the applicability of the selected indicators

One of the objectives of the Reffibre project was to calculate the value chain level impacts of energy and material savings due to the optimised use of recycled fibre. To do so, a preliminary list of resource efficiency indicators used at product and process levels that take into account the potential impacts on the value chain was defined. This report is focusing on the verification of the applicability of the resource efficiency indicators by evaluating the economic and environmental impacts at the value chain level.

application/pdf Verification of the applicability of the selected indicators.pdf — 2577 KB

Potential of layered paper design for paper properties

There are two different technologies for producing multi-layer sheets – multi-ply sheet forming and stratified sheet forming. Whereas the first technology is state of the art for producing carton board, the second one is relatively new and allows the layering of lower-grammage papers like graphic papers. By designing the sequence of the layers and selecting suitable materials per layer it is possible to achieve higher bending stiffness or brightness levels even if the sum of the materials is the same as in a single-layer sheet. Therefore layered paper design (or stratification) is a promising measure to improve resource efficiency. The available numerical models for bending stiffness and brightness combined with mixing rules can be used to find the best manufacturing conditions depending on the quality of the paper for recycling serving as raw material and on the requirements made on the final paper product.

application/pdf Potential of layered paper design for paper properties.pdf — 1014 KB

European fibre flow model

A material mass flow balance was developed for the region of CEPI member countries, based on data collected and provided by CEPI. The material mass flow balance allows calculating: i) the average ash content in paper products and paper for recycling grades, and ii) the mean number of cycles; the number of times the fibres within a certain paper product have been used from the beginning to date or will be used from now on until the end of their life.

application/pdf European fibre flow model.pdf — 1021 KB

Guide for the practical implementation of resource efficiency indicators at industry level

This guide will help its readers understand the models and tools developed for the assessment of environmental and economic impacts throughout the value chain.

application/pdf Guide for the practical implementation of resource efficiency indicators at industry level.pdf — 1520 KB

REFFIBRE Newsletter 6

application/pdf REFFIBRE Newsletter 6.pdf — 622 KB